In developing a piece of land that is proposed for government housing projects, there are many things to consider and numerous options to review in order to provide the most beneficial plan. Firstly, if not already available, a land survey with contours needs to be prepared and this plan must indicate areas of wetlands, rocky outcrops, natural storm water courses and major trees, etc. From this plan the areas suitable for residential housing projects are identified.
Town planning needs to happen
The next step is to prepare a development specification which would cover such things as the maximum and minimum lot sizes, the variety of house sizes allowed and if necessary the architectural theme for housing design. From a site visit the connection to the existing road transport system is determined together with the location of the connection to the bulk services of water, power and sewage.
All this information is passed down to the town planners for them to design the best option or options for the layout of the village, taking into consideration areas for recreation, shops, schools, clinics, religion, municipal services. First under consideration is to make suitable provision for industrial and commercial areas to create employment opportunities. The selected plan is then submitted to the local municipality for approval. At this stage, a bankable feasibility study document is prepared for submission to financial organizations. These financial organisations are requested to raise the necessary funds to commence with the construction and marketing of the development. It is very common for a bank which is going to be involved in providing the finance, for them to insist that they are the only provider of mortgage finance to house buyers.
Marketing and advertising brings financing
The marketing can commence as soon as the development finance is obtained.
Detailed planning makes the difference between a successful development and a potential disaster.
This planning phase normally takes no more than six to nine months to complete for most bulk housing developments.
This important planning cycle is to ensure the project plan is sound and the cost of the full project implementation is understood before construction contracts are signed. The orderly division of every urban area is essential to enable large numbers of people to live and work comfortably, yet close together, in small area. For the orderly conversion of farm-land into urban area, a town plan must be prepared for each piece of land.
Planning between all the parties is the only way bulk housing can succeed
All urban areas that are going to have government project housings on them will be divided up and planned to include streets, sidewalks, park, sports grounds and cemeteries, churches and shopping areas to name but a few.. Some parts will be zoned as business and there will be parts that are zoned for residential purposes. Usually there will be a central business district. Some parts are divided into industrial sites on which factories may be built and parts are set aside for the construction of public buildings such as schools, prisons, magistrate’s offices and railway stations for example.