Africa has and continues to have a need for urgent affordable housing, turning its land into profitable government housing projects. In developing a piece of land for residential use there are many things to consider and numerous options to review in order to provide the most beneficial plan. Land surveying with contours would need to be prepared and this plan would need to show where the wetland areas are, the rocky outcrops, natural storm water courses and places for landscaping services. Suitable land for bulk residential development would be sought after surveying services have been complete. Town planning services and feasibility studies would need to be done to decide on the finances for the housing projects.
A development specification would need to be prepared which would cover things like the maximum and minimum sizes of the different plots where the houses would be erected and architectural services would include consultations with architects to discuss the architectural theme for the housing designs.
Town Planning and engineering services
Town planners would need to visit the site and engineers would work alongside them to determine the correct locations and connections for the bulk services of water, power and sewage. The town planners would design the best options for the layout of the village taking into consideration areas for recreation, shops, schools, clinics, religion, municipal services and industrial and commercial areas to create employment opportunities. The selected plan is then submitted to the local municipality for approval.
Landscaping brings beauty
Government housing is designed to provide affordable, safe and clean residences to lower-income families. One service that brings great beauty and pleasure is the landscaping of the housing projects. Landscaping that promotes public safety is easy to maintain and is respectful of the neighbourhood. Well-landscaped public housing can even improve and revitalize the appearance of lower-income neighbourhoods and can certainly go a long way in lifting the moods of unemployed, lonely and disillusioned people. In public housing
It is essential to create an environment that encourages the community to support and look after one another. Garden benches, seating areas or playground equipment must be solid and stable to ensure the safety of your residents. Do not let sidewalks, ramps, steps or patios come into disrepair. Side walk access in public housing needs to be kept clear and obstructions or cracks can easily cause residents to slip and fall. Public housing often accommodates disabled folks, so sidewalks also need to be kept clean and safe for those using wheelchairs and other disabled residents.
Electricity and water
In South Africa, between 1994 and 2001, over one million low cost houses had been built, which accommodated five million people. By the beginning of 1998, more than two and a half million people had been given access to fresh safe water. By 2000, hundreds of projects involving supply of clean water had been provided to over four million people and over one million homes had been connected to the national grid, supplying them with electricity. Public service building construction provided employment over five years to two hundred and forty thousand people on road-building schemes and the installation of sewage, sanitation facilities and water supplies.